Mafia II Definitive Edition Part 1 – No commentary

Mafia II Definitive Edition is a remake of the original game released in 2010 that was followed by Mafia III, I have only ever played Mafia III and though its a stand-alone game there are lots of nods back to the old game in it so I’ve always been interested to see the story of Mafia II and Mafia I (to be re-released later this year).

Like Mafia III the cultural references are set during 1940-1950s and they show the sorts of language you cannot get away with today, personally I think this is a great reflection on who we are now and how far we have come, but if you’ve not played a Mafia game before you may be shocked by just how true to times the content can be.

So far I’m enjoying the storyline a few things in the game could be a bit more polished like the driving, the other cars AI and sometimes the camera angles are terrible but I probably shouldn’t be so picky of a remastered game like this, the graphics are great compared to bits of the original ive seen. Stream doesn’t really do it justice I had to lower some setting to allow me to record and play. All in all a so far a great game!

Installing OpenWrt on the Xiaomi 4A, 4C, 3Gv2, 4Q, miWifi 3C and debrick method

##Update: The most current stable version of OpenWRT for the 4A Gig can be found here. ##

I bought the Xiaomi 4A router a while back because it’s quite cheap when considering the specifications of the router, it really is good value for money. Though the performance of the stock firmware was ok, I personally had a few concerns about how it runs, for instance checking my PiHole you could see the 4A polls home to a Xiaomi address every few seconds, in fact, it was one of the highest traffic devices on my network with this polling alone. Also, although having an App that I could change setting from anywhere is good but triggers my internal security worries, if I can access this and make changes anywhere so could someone else if hacked or leaked, I prefer something I can fully trust and fully configure… Enter OpenWrt, open-source firmware for any router that will take it.

I had originally ordered a CH341A to install OpenWrt but found that while waiting for it to be delivered another method had been found named “OpenWrtInvasion” a clever little exploit that works by uploading a backup file that can be tricked to be placed in any directory, with that it changes a speed test script with its own that removes the root password and starts a telnet server allowing us to login and upload our own firmware and flash it. OpenWrtInvasion doesn’t only work for the 4A, it also works for the 4C, 3Gv2, 4Q, miWifi 3C and no doubt other Xiaomi routers.

In the video, I run the exploit from a Ubuntu VM, personally I find Linux more stable for these of things but I will do a Win version eventually. It’s important to note the STOK code is generated for whatever machine is connected, so for me, if I was to login to the router with my windows PC (running the VM) take the code and try to run the exploit in the Ubuntu VM it wouldn’t work, I have to login via Ubuntu and have it generate its own code for this to work. I noticed this when people were SSH’ing to RPI’s remotely and failing to run the exploit, also if you reboot the router a new STOK will need to be generated.

Some firmware images are better than others, unfortunately at the time of writing the most current version of OpenWrt isn’t working but if you search the OpenWrt forum there are plenty of builds that are working well, currently, I’m using is version DB260179 that works perfectly as far as I can tell, some tweaking of the WiFi settings can be needed to make it as almost as good the stock firmware these are my current settings for both 2.4 and 5GHz:

As part of the guide we also added a quick and easy way to debrick the router, with testing of lots of new firmware images, comes the risk of bricking the router, thankfully its trivial (TFTP pun!) to repair the router. If the router is booted with the reset button pushed it starts in safe mode which looks for a firmware image named “test.bin”, if it finds it it will install it and overwrite any other firmware on the device, unfortunately, we can’t use this to install OpenWrt (because the header of the file is checked) but we can reinstall the stock firmware and then reattempt the OpenWrt install. We have made a download page for debrick tools that you can find here, it’s a preconfigured TFTP server and DHCP server and has the 4A Gigabyte firmware (and other routers) already in the file (named test.bin) if you are using one of the other routers supported by this method make sure you have the correct stock firmware image, other images can be found here (google translate is your friend!) and have put it in the folder and renamed it to test.bin before attempting to repair the router.

Troubleshooting

To use open invasion the router will need access to the internet via the WAN port.

The debrick tool sometimes takes a few attempts, ensure you have nothing else connected, that you have set your IP correctly and that you leave it plenty of time to work, if you see something about test.bin in the log it has done what it should.

If you can’t access the web interface, most likely the version you installed has no web interface (Luci) follow these steps to install it:

Login via SSH (command line in windows or terminal in linux or mac):

ssh [email protected]

#Change the IP if you’ve changed it from the default

Now we need to get the latest infomation on our installed software:

opkg update

If you have any issues with the previous step ensure you have an internet connection and that it’s not being firewalled. Next, we issue the upgrade command to install the newer versions:

opkg upgrade

opkg install luci

This may take a few minutes to complete, then reboot:

reboot

You should now be able to access the web interface.

The opkg tool used above and be really useful, although you can achieve this in luci from the software tab, you can use opkg to install software as well, it’s very much like apt for ubuntu. To install a software package:

opkg install package-name

#Where package name is the name of the software you wish to install, don’t forget pressing tab can help to auto-complete the name if you don’t know the full name of the package.

Let me know how you get on in the comments here or on youtube!

Setting up DHCP to debrick the Xiaomi 4A router (OpenWrt)

I’ve left this guide here but it is outdated, for a much easier guide check out this video and debrick tools available here.

This guide shows how to quickly set up a DHCP server and TFTP server to allow us to upload the stock firmware to the Xiaomi 4A router and debrick it. I made the guide quickly due to a request on the OpenWrt forums, someone had asked how I had set up the server, essentially we use the DHCP and TFTP server found here and the 4A firmware found here to repair the 4A router.

This guide inspired our next video, a much larger how-to on the installation of OpenWrt and a much easier method for unbricking the router, you can find that here.

Installing OpenWrt on the HooToo TripMate HT-TM05 via TFTP

The HooToo Tripmate HT-TM05 is another great travel router, like the Ravpower but just without an SD slot. Once again we can use the TFTP method to upload the firmware as I have spoken about in detail here. The installation of OpenWrt is painless and adds a lot of functionality to the HooToo router. My favourite thing to do is have it set up to connect to my VPN then I know wherever I go I have a secure connection. You can also install a USB cellular stick for internet connection on the go!

In the video, I suggest the version from the OpenWrt official page, but in fact, newer versions such as the gl-mt300n found here have been confirmed to work too so keep that in mind. With any version of OpenWrt, it’s best to update it after a fresh install. To do so you can login via SSH:

ssh [email protected]

#Change the IP if you’ve changed it from the default

Now we need to get the latest infomation on our installed software:

opkg update

If you have any issues with the previous step ensure you have an internet connection and that it’s not being firewalled. Next, we issue the upgrade command to install the newer versions:

opkg upgrade

This may take a few minutes to complete, once done it’s not completely necessary but its good practice to reboot:

reboot

Your router is now up to date!

The opkg tool used above and be really useful, although you can achieve this in luci from the software tab, you can use opkg to install software as well, it’s very much like apt for ubuntu. To install a software package:

opkg install package-name

#Where package name is the name of the software you wish to install, don’t forget pressing tab can help to auto-complete the name if you don’t know the full name of the package.

Installing RTX Voice on a Non-RTX GPU

RTX Voice is an amazing piece of software that I’ve been regularly using on some of my newer videos, it cleverly removes all those background noises you don’t want to hear like computer fans and keyboard and mouse clicks. By design, it’s only supposed to work on the latest Nvidia graphics cards but people soon figured out this was purely a installer limitation no that the software couldn’t run on older hardware, in fact it runs really well, even on GPU’s that are a few generations old, like my own GTX970!

In this video we show you how to install V0.5.12.6 of RTX Voice and modify it not to check your GPU to see if its “compatible”, the result is we can install and use the software!

TFTP setup and install OpenWrt on RAVPower FileHub RP-WD03 Portable Router

The RavPower RP-WD03 is a fantastic little device incorporating a Wireless AP, File server, SD, USB charger and even has an ethernet port! But for me it could be so much more, to unlock its full potential we look to OpenWrt. OpenWrt is an open-source firmware designed for just about any router that will accept it and there are ofton different methods for installing OpenWrt to routers, some can be very invasive but this video is about the TFTP method which is very easy to do.

TFTP stands for Trivial File Transfer Protocol, and sending our firmware file to this little router shall be trivial, by default our router has an inbuilt repair system, no matter what happens (within reason) if you boot the router and hold the reset pin it will always look for a TFTP server and then download a file called “kernel” if it finds this file it will always install it over its system.

This safety feature is designed to be used with the stock firmware to repair it if has become corrupted or any other fault but we use this to our advantage! Instead of the “kernel” file being stock we use the OpenWrt firmware image and rename it, when the RavPower boots it downloads and installs the firmware like its own! Viola a perfect running OpenWrt router!

The disadvantage to OpenWrt on the RavPower RP-WD03 is the memory onboard, with the firmware installed we are left with very little space for any extra software. However, we can overcome this quite easily with an SD card. With an SD installed we can mount it and use it as our main flash, we are planning to make a video in the future on how to do this so make sure you subscribe and leave us a comment if you’re interested!

Beginners Guide to Lock picking and raking

We made this simple guide to help those starting out in lock picking and locksport. When I first started to learn to pick locks I assumed one method fits all and thought that the slow method of picking individual pins was the only tool available to lockpickers, I found out that in fact there are many ways to pick a lock, and one of my other favourites is Raking.

In the video, I start by showing the more well know method and then move on to raking. It can be great to practice with a perspex lock so you can really understand how the lock works, also try not to limit yourself to using the same picks all the time, different picks have different advantages to locks so try to give them all a chance!

Once you’ve mastered these techniques you can move on to more complicated locks and methods, In the future, we will make a video about the Kronos a powerful tool that can automate and speed up the raking process! Make sure you Subscribe for that one.